Fire safety at home

Updated: 27 Jan 2016
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Prevent household fires by removing fire hazards from your home. Keep fire safety equipment ready at all times.

Keep a fire extinguisher at home

Image of the Type ABC label on a fire extinguisher

Have at least one portable fire extinguisher in your home. The recommended type is a PSB-approved ABC fire extinguisher (1.5 kg or more).

To buy or service your fire extinguisher, please use companies certified by TÜV SÜD PSB Singapore.

Install smoke detectors

Inhaling smoke and toxic gases can cause death. A smoke detector and alarm will help increase your chances of surviving a fire.

Tips for installing and maintaining smoke detectors:

  • Install smoke detectors on the ceiling near sleeping areas, the kitchen, and other places where fire is likely to occur.
  • Test your smoke detectors regularly based on the manufacturer´s instructions.
  • Follow the manufacturer´s instructions on cleaning the smoke detectors regularly.
  • Ensure that batteries are changed every year (or as indicated by the manufacturer).

Use liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) safely

Your household probably uses gas (either LPG or town gas) for cooking. Proper use and maintenance of LPG cylinders and gas pipes will prevent gas fires:

  • Buy your LPG and PSB-approved accessories from authorised dealers.
  • Check that your cylinder has an "LPG Safety Check" tag or sticker on it.
  • Your dealer is required to conduct safety checks on your LPG system annually when they make a delivery to your home. Contact your dealer if your last check was done more than a year ago.
  • Ensure that the supply pipe or hose between the cylinder and your gas cooker or oven is of an approved type and properly fitted.
  • Use and store your gas cylinders in an upright position.
  • Keep the gas cylinder at least 1 m away from open flames, heat sources and electrical outlets.
  • Ensure there are no naked flames nearby when changing the gas cylinder.
  • Store no more than one spare cylinder at any time.
  • The correct way to light your stove is to put the flame to the burner and then turn on the cooker knob.
  • Shut off the gas supply when it is not in use.
  • Turn off the gas supply at the regulator before leaving for overseas trips.
  • Check all gas connections regularly for leakage. Apply detergent or soap solution onto the gas hose. You have a leakage if bubbles appear.
  • Replace gas hoses every 2 years and gas regulators every 5 years.

If you smell a gas leak

  1. Put out all flames. Turn off the stove, gas valves and regulators.
  2. Open all windows and doors to ventilate the house.
  3. Never search for a leak with matches or with a naked flame.
  4. Call your authorised dealer to report the gas leakage immediately.

If your wok or cookware catches fire

  1. Cover it with a wet cloth and the fire will be extinguished. Do not pour water into it or the fire will spread.
  2. Turn off the gas supply immediately.


Download SCDF´s Civil Defence readiness checklist.

Keep your flat's common areas fire-safe


  • Do not store combustible materials along corridors.
  • Do not place objects along narrow corridors. This will allow stretchers and wheelchairs to pass through without obstruction.
  • Do not place items, such as clothing racks, along corridors unless they can be easily folded or removed in times of emergency.
  • Shoe racks are permitted if they do not catch fire easily, and a clear passageway is maintained.


  • Do not store objects at staircases and staircase landings.

Dry/wet riser compartments

  • Do not store items in the dry/wet riser compartment.
  • Do not obstruct access to dry/wet landing valves and dry/wet riser breeching inlets in common areas.


Learn more on how to operate a fire extinguisher or report a fire safety violation / fire hazard using mySCDF mobile app, available both on Apple Appstore and Google Play

Services & tools

Report fire hazards online (SCDF)
Report a fire hazard to SCDF.

Image of fire extinguisher used under GFDL licence.